Our physicians will speak with you at length about your fetus’s condition, the procedure, risks, possible benefits, and possible complications of fetal surgery. They will perform your surgery and manage your postoperative care together with other members of our fetal therapy team.
Specialties: Fetal and pediatric surgery
Interests: Birth defects diagnosis and treatment
Dr. Michael Harrison is Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics and the Director Emeritus of the Fetal Treatment Center at UCSF. He graduated cum laude from Yale University and magna cum laude from Harvard Medical School. He completed his surgical training at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston and his pediatric surgery fellowship at Children's Hospital of Los Angeles. He is board certified in Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, and Critical Care.
Dr. Harrison and his surgery associates, Hanmin Lee, Tippi Mackenzie, Shinjiro Hirose, Lan Vu, and Benjamin Padilla, confine their surgical practice exclusively to children with special interest in fetal surgery, in repair of complex birth defects involving the chest, lung, abdomen, bowel, and bladder, and surgical care of children from birth through adolescence. Dr. Harrison and his associates, The Bay Area Pediatric Surgeons, do consultations and provide surgical care at Moffitt/Long Hospitals UCSF, California Pacific Medical Center, and Kaiser Permanente, San Francisco.
Dr. Harrison has a special interest in fetal surgery which he has pioneered with his colleagues at UCSF. For the past 18 years Dr. Harrison has studied the pathophysiology and natural history of a number of life-threatening fetal abnormalities including congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung, sacrococcygeal teratoma, fetal obstructive uropathy, and myelomeningocele. He has developed techniques for both in-utero open fetal surgery and endoscopic surgical repair (FETENDO Fetal Surgery)of many fetal abnormalities. In addition, Dr. Harrison's team has developed in-utero stem cell transplantation to treat immunodeficiencies, enzyme deficiencies, and hemoglobinopathies. Dr. Harrison leads the multidisciplinary UCSF Fetal Treatment Center Team that has developed an international reputation for treating complex birth defects before and after birth. (Referrals can be made to 1-800-RX-FETUS.)
Dr. Harrison, his wife Gretchen, and four children have lived in San Francisco for the past 30 years.
Dr. Michael Harrison’s tremendous accomplishments and contributions to medicine and the field of fetal surgery speak for themselves. Known throughout the world as the “Father of Fetal Surgery”, it is our vision to establish a distinguished professorship* in the Department of Surgery at UCSF in honor of Michael R. Harrison, MD, the highest faculty award UCSF can bestow.
In our efforts to establish a distinguished professorship in honor of Michael R. Harrison, MD, an extremely generous donor has called for a challenge. The anonymous donor has pledged a gift of $500,000 in the form of a match—we must meet our goal by December 31, 2009.
For more information visit The Dr. Michael Harrison Endowment
Specialties: Fetal and pediatric surgery
Interests: Birth defects, biliary tract disorders
Dr. Hanmin Lee is Professor of Surgery, Surgeon in Chief of the UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, Chief of UCSF Pediatric Surgery, and Director of the Fetal Treatment Center at UCSF. He is the second director in the 25+ year history of the Fetal Treatment Center, replacing Dr. Michael Harrison who continues to add his creative energies as Director Emeritus. Dr. Lee was an undergraduate at Johns Hopkins University who completed both medical school and general surgery residency at New York University. He did two years of postdoctoral research training under the mentorship of Dr. Jay Vacanti at Harvard Medical School, and two years of pediatric surgery fellowship at Emory University Medical Center before being recruited to a tenure-track faculty position in the Department of Surgery at UCSF in 2000.
Dr. Lee and his surgery associates confine their surgical practice exclusively to children. The group has a special interest in fetal surgery, in repair of complex defects involving the chest, lung, abdomen, bowel, and bladder, and surgical care of children from birth through adolescence. Dr. Lee and his associates, The Bay Area Pediatric Surgeons, do consultations and provide surgical care at Moffitt/Long Hospitals UCSF, California Pacific Medical Center, and Kaiser Permanente, San Francisco and Oakland. They see patients regularly in their office hours and provide multidisciplinary clinics for fetal anomalies in their fetal treatment center. Additionally, they see patients with complex congenital anomalies that have been corrected by surgery in their Long-term Infant-to-adult Followup and Evaluation clinic (LIFE Clinic).
Dr. Lee's clinical interests include neonatal surgery, fetal surgery, minimally invasive surgery and biliary surgery. His basic science research interests include tissue engineering, proteomic assessment of fetal-maternal diseases, and integration of emerging technologies into clinical surgery. He has published numerous clinical and basic science articles in these fields. He is well-recognized as a leader in fetal surgery and pediatric minimally invasive surgery , having given numerous national and international talk. Additionally, he is on the editorial board of the pediatric endoscopic journal and in teaching fetal surgery and advanced pediatric laparoscopic courses. He has been a principal investigator or co-investigator on a number of fetal surgery and minimally invasive surgical trials, and is currently a co-investigator on a number of clinical trials including fetal surgery for myelomeningocele (spina bifida) and is leading a multi-institutional effort to investigate the role of maternal steroid administration for fetuses with large congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations.
Dr. Lee, his wife Barbara and their children, live in San Francisco and enjoy the multitude of outdoor activities and restaurants available in the Bay Area.
Dr. Shinjiro Hirose is an Assistant Professor of Surgery at the UCSF Division of Pediatric Surgery and Fetal Treatment Center. Dr. Hirose completed his undergraduate education in 1990 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts where he received a BS in Mechanical Engineering. Before enrolling in medical school, he performed robotics research in telerobotics at the SECOM Intelligent Systems laboratory and at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratories.
After realizing that his true interests were in medicine, Dr. Hirose then went on to obtain his medical degree from the New York Medical College in Valhalla, New York and matched in surgery at the UC Davis Medical Center where he completed three years of clinical training. Dr. Hirose then spent three years in the UCSF Fetal Treatment Center as a post-doctoral fellow investigating neural regeneration after spinal cord injury and its implications in fetal surgery for myelomeningocele.
After his post-doctoral fellowship, Dr. Hirose remained on and finished his clinical training at UCSF. After his general surgery residency, Dr. Hirose completed his specialty training in Pediatric Surgery at the Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York at Columbia University in New York City. Dr. Hirose's interests and specialties include minimally invasive surgery, fetal and neonatal surgery, hepatobiliary surgery, bariatric surgery, robotics, and surgical education. His research interests include fetal surgery for disorders of twin gestations, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, myelomeningocele, and gastroschisis.
Dr. Tippi MacKenzie is an Assistant Professor of Surgery at the UCSF Division of Pediatric Surgery and the Fetal Treatment Center. Dr. MacKenzie obtained her undergraduate degree in Biochemistry at Harvard, then came to the Bay Area for medical school at Stanford. She did her surgical residency at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. During this time, she took three years to do research on fetal surgery and in utero stem cell transplantation at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Following residency, she returned to CHOP for her clinical pediatric surgery fellowship.
Dr MacKenzie's clinical interests include fetal surgery, advanced laparoscopy, and endocrine and biliary surgery. She has an active laboratory and is a member of the Biomedical Sciences Program and the Institute for Regeneration Medicine. Her research focus is on mechanisms of tolerance induction following in utero stem cell transplantation.
Dr. Lan Vu is an Assistant Professor of Surgery in the UCSF Division of Pediatric Surgery and Fetal Treatment Center. Dr. Vu returns to UCSF from Texas Children’s Hospital, where she completed her pediatric surgery fellowship. Dr. Vu holds a bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry from UC Berkeley (1998) and Medical Degree from UCSF (2003). She completed both her general surgery residency and Masters of Advance Studies at UCSF. Her specific area of interest is outcomes research in pediatric surgery.
Dr. Benjamin Padilla is an Assistant Professor of Surgery in the UCSF Division of Pediatric Surgery and Fetal Treatment Center. Born in Guatemala, Dr. Padilla immigrated to the United States in 1980. He completed his undergraduate education in 1997 at the University of New Mexico and went on to obtain his medical degree from the UCSF School of Medicine in 2002.
Dr. Padilla completed general surgery residency at UCSF in 2010. During residency, he spent three years as a research fellow in the UCSF Center for the Neurobiology of Digestive Disease. After general surgery residency, Dr. Padilla was an international clinical research fellow at the Fundación Hospitalaria de Niños in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where he gained expertise in the treatment of chest wall deformities. In 2013, Dr. Padilla completed specialty training in pediatric general and thoracic surgery at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
Dr. Padilla’s clinical interests include surgical oncology, endocrine surgery, chest wall deformities and minimally invasive surgery.
Dr. Gordon Cohen, Chief of the Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, received his medical degree from Tulane University in 1989, his PhD from UCLA in 1996 and his MBA from the University of Tennessee in 2010. He then went on to complete a general surgery internship and residency at UCLA (1996). Subsequently, he attended the University of Washington Medical Center where he completed a two year Cardiothoracic Residency (1998). Following residency training he completed a Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Fellowship at the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children in London, England (1999).
After completing his fellowship Dr. Cohen held a position as a Consultant Surgeon also at the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children in London, England (2002) and simultaneously a Senior lecturer position at the Institute of Child Health at the University College London (2002). From there he went on to hold an Associate Professor position at the University of Washington (2008) in which he was promoted to Professor in July 2008. Up until his appointment at UCSF, he held the positions of Surgical Director, Thoracic Transplantation at the Seattle Children’s Hospital, and Associate Division Chief at the University of Washington Medical Center.
Dr. Nalin Gupta, Director of Pediatric Neurological Surgery at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, is a specialist in the surgical management of neurological disorders in children of all ages. He is an expert in the evaluation and surgical management of neurological disorders in children, including conditions such as brain tumors, hydrocephalus, cranial and spinal congenital anomalies and epilepsy. His primary research focus is the biological effect of therapeutic intervention on brain tumor progression and defining the biological response of tumors to various treatment strategies.
Dr. Gupta is an Assistant Professor of neurological surgery and principal investigator of the Brain Tumor Research Center at UCSF. He completed residency training in neurological surgery at the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada and fellowship training in pediatric neurosurgery at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. He completed an internship at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto and residency training at the University of Toronto. He earned an undergraduate degree at McGill University in Montreal, medical degree from the School of Medicine at the University of Toronto, and a doctorate in Biophysics at UCSF. He also served as an attending neurosurgeon at the University of Chicago Medical Center.
Dr. Laurence S. Baskin is Chief of Pediatric Urology and an expert in genital development and reconstructive surgery. He specializes in treating a variety of urological conditions in children including hypospadias, urinary tract reconstruction, adolescent varicoceles and genitourinary malignancies. He is the founder of the Center for the Treatment and Study of Hypospadias, a center that focuses on a congenital defect of the penis that results in incomplete development of the penile urethra.
He earned a medical degree from the University of California, Los Angeles, followed by general surgery training and residency at UCSF Medical Center. He completed a fellowship in pediatric urology at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Baskin has participated in humanitarian surgical trips to San Pedro Sula, Honduras and Saigon, Vietnam. He is the primary author on more than 150 research articles and is editor of the Handbook of Pediatric Urology. He is a member the American Academy of Pediatrics, Society of Pediatric Urology and American Urological Association; a fellow of the American College of Surgeons; and past president of the Society of Fetal Urology.
Dr. Tara Karamlou is a board certified pediatric cardiac surgeon with extensive clinical and research experience. She completed her pediatric cardiac training at the University of Michigan and Seattle Children’s Hospital, where she received her ACGME accredited fellowship certification. She also spent two years at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto as the Congenital Heart Surgeons’ Society Kirklin-Ashburn Fellow. She has authored over 70 peer-reviewed publications and 10 book chapters in the field of congenital cardiac surgery. Dr. Karamlou has received several national grants investigating outcomes of children and adults with congenital heart disease. She is a member of several national committees, including the Society of Thoracic Surgeons’ (STS) Access and Publications Committee and the STS linked Registry Proposals Committee, and recently authored the 2013 American Heart Association Guidelines for Adults with Congenital Heart Disease. Dr. Karamlou has received multiple awards, most notably the Nina Braunwald Award from the Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education and the Maxwell Chamberlain Award from the STS.
Dr. Karamlou is an active advocate for developing and refining surgical education, and is participating in the Teaching Scholars Program at UCSF to further enhance her abilities as an effective surgical educator. She developed the didactic curriculum for the pediatric cardiac fellows and helped develop the updated congenital curriculum on the Cardiothoracic Surgery Network. She has mentored several medical students and residents, many of whom have published peer-reviewed manuscripts or received training grants based upon sponsored projects. Dr. Karamlou is mentoring a medical student completing a one-year research project in the Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Division.
The innovative procedures at FTC saved the lives of both Angela and Guy, whom were both diagnosed with severe CCAMs.